Easy, Cheap, Healthy Vegan Meals: Less Than $2 and 15 minutes Each!

Click to zoom

Is this the esoteric symbolism of the face on Mars?

Click to zoom

Giza Power Plant Author Chris Dunn Interviewed by Peggy Sue Skipper ~ Part I

Click to zoom

The Buildings of Ancient Egypt ~ A Full Length Documentary

Click to zoom

6 - 7 Bigfoots Spotted Together in One Area ~ New Yowie Sighting at the Barrington Tops, New South Wales

Click to zoom

The Silencers ~ A Must See UFO Hunters Episode Investigating the Men in Black

Click to zoom


Click to zoom

Zecharia Sitchin's, The Lost Book of Enki ~ Part 4 ~ Narration by Josh Reeves

Click to zoom

Is this the Lake Champlain Monster Caught on Video?

Click to zoom

Geologists Unravel Mystery of Circleville Crater

CIRCLEVILLE, Utah (AP) — Farmers in southern Utah are scratching their heads and trying to figure out what caused an unusual phenomenon in an irrigation pond. Earlier this month, Gary Dalton of Circleville discovered a mysterious crater that suddenly appeared under the water.
"The sun was just right," Dalton said, "so, I saw this blasted thing that no one had ever seen."
He noticed it after most of the water was drained from the pond for irrigation. Just beneath the surface he saw concentric circles in the pond bottom with a diameter of about 25 feet. The outer ring is a circular depression filled with algae. An inner circle looks as though something erupted from beneath, forming what looks startlingly like a small volcanic crater.
"My heck, I guess that's Martian art," Dalton said. "I don't know."
Experts from the Utah Geological Survey took a look and were initially baffled.
"Well, yeah, we've got several theories," said veteran geologist Bill Lund as he examined the pond. "Most of them have gone up in smoke."
Most of the theories were disposed of almost immediately.
Some had speculated that the feature was caused by a natural spring, pushing up from under the pond after being supercharged by recent rains. But Lund said that theory was quickly disproved by aerial photos that were taken before the pond was excavated two-and-a-half years ago.
"This was an alfalfa field and there was no spring here," Lund said. "It's not a spring."
Another theory was that a buried pipeline had been punctured during construction of the pond. But Lund said there is no pipeline.
Another possibility is that there was a burp of methane gas from decaying organic material under the pond. Lund strongly doubts that theory because the local geology isn't the type that sometimes causes such events.
"If we were in coal country," Lund said, "I'd be thinking about that a little harder but — you know — we're not."
Earthquakes sometimes will cause similar features in sand or mud, due to liquefaction of soils. But Lund ruled that out because there have no earthquakes in the Circleville area powerful enough to trigger liquefaction.
When Dalton's son Michael was asked what his own pet theory is, he said the obvious: "I have no idea." Another son joked that it was either a volcanic eruption or a Martian landing.
During the geologists' visit, Dalton and his sons maneuvered a platform-lift over the crater to get a closer look.
Although the Daltons saw a fiery meteor in the sky a few weeks ago, Lund has essentially ruled that out as the cause; the sighting took place long before the crater appeared. Also, no one in nearby Circleville reported hearing any loud booms.
"We don't think it's an impact crater," Lund said. "We don't think anything hit there."
Hovering over the crater in the lift, the curious farmers and geologists lowered a tape measure into the crater. The central depression is about 7 inches deep. They were able to push the handle of a pitchfork another 13 inches or so straight down in the soft center.
"Obviously something came up and created this ring," Lund said. "But then it collapsed back on itself and closed off the vent. Whatever the vent was is closed."
From those observations, a leading theory emerged: a geologic condition called collapsible soils. The pond has been drained and refilled more than a dozen times in the last two years. The theory is that the repeated loading of weight on the soil eventually led some of the soil under the pond to collapse, creating a small eruption.
"As it collapsed and compacted," Lund said, "it forced some air and some water up and created this thing. It looks like a one-off thing. It just happened one time. That's it."
That remains the most likely explanation, even though Lund said he has never seen such a phenomenon take place under water.
"I mean, there are still some unanswered questions here," Lund said. "That's for sure."
That's probably just as well with the Dalton family. They can still savor some of the mystery while refilling their pond and getting back to the business of growing crops.

Fourteen 'Real Heroes' arrested trying to prevent Faroe island dolphin hunt

File photo: Large numbers of pilot whales are slaughtered each year on the Faroe Islands, an autonomous territory within the kingdom of Denmark


Fourteen animal rights activists have been detained on the Faroe island of Sandoy in the North Atlantic while trying to stop a controversial dolphin hunt, their organisation has said. 


The activists were detained on Saturday when attempting to save a pod of 33 pilot whales, members of the dolphin family, as the mammals were driven to shore to be killed by waiting hunting parties, according to environmental group Sea Shepherd.
“The 14 have been under arrest since Saturday, and three of our boats have also been seized,” Lamya Essemlali, president of Sea Shepherd France, told AFP.
Large numbers of pilot whales are slaughtered each year on the Faroe Islands, an autonomous territory within the kingdom of Denmark.
The method involves the mammals being forced into a bay by flotillas of small boats before being hacked to death with hooks and knives.

While many locals defend the hunt as a cultural right, animal rights campaigners have denounced it as a “brutal and archaic mass slaughter”.
The group detained on Saturday included six Sea Shepherd members on shore on Sandoy, and eight who were on three small boats near the island.
Sea Shepherd said a ship from the Danish Navy ordered the environmental organisation’s three boats to stand off and later seized the vessels.
A spokesman for the Danish Armed Forces’ Arctic Command, which is responsible for the Faroe Islands, said it was standard procedure for the Danish Navy to assist the Faroese police in its work. Faroese police could not immediately be reached for comment.
Those arrested were eight French citizens, two South Africans, two Spaniards, one Italian and one Australian, according to Essemlali.
After their arrest, the hunt went ahead and all 33 pilot whales were killed, according to Sea Shepherd.
One of the boats seized on Saturday, B.S. Sheen, is sponsored by American actor Charlie Sheen, who said he was proud his vessel had taken part in trying to stop the “atrocity”.
“The Faroese whalers brutally slaughtered an entire pod of 33 pilot whales today - several generations taken from the sea - and Denmark is complicit in the killing,” Sheen said in a statement.
The demonstrators were taking part in an ongoing campaign in which hundreds of activists have pledged to patrol the waters around the Faroe Islands to block the killing of pilot whales.
The killings - known locally as “grinds” - have emerged as a prominent celebrity cause, with renowned ballet dancer Sylvie Guillem and former Baywatch star Pamela Anderson among the backers of Sea Shepherd’s campaign.
Since records began, more than 265,000 small cetaceans have been killed in the Faroe Islands, mainly between the months of June and October, according to Sea Shepherd.
It says that 267 pilot whales were killed in one grind last year near the Faroese town of Fuglafjorour.
Whaling in the Faroes stretches back to the earliest Norse settlements more than 1,000 years ago, and community-organised hunts date to at least the 16th century.

Exploring Tunnels Beneath Egypt's Giza Plateau ~ Part 3

Click to zoom

A Haunting ~ Investigating Ghostly Encounters

Were the Egyptian Pyramids Used for Hydraulic Powered Energy? Part 1

Click to zoom

NASA's Spitzer Telescope captures asteroid collision

Artist's conception of asteroid collision


When NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope spotted a huge eruption of dust surrounding a distant star, scientists knew they were watching history in the making.
Scientists had been regularly tracking the star by the name NGC 2547-ID8 since the explosion of dust between August 2012 and January 2013. The result of that eruption? An asteroid collision, scientists say.
"We think two big asteroids crashed into each other, creating a huge cloud of grains the size of very fine sand, which are now smashing themselves into smithereens and slowly leaking away from the star," Huan Meng, lead author of a study on the collision and a graduate student of the University of Arizona, Tucson, said.
The chance to observe and collect data from the asteroid smash-up may also provide important insights into how asteroid collisions contribute to the formation of rocky planets like our own.
All rocky planets begin life as dust circling a star. Over time the dust clumps together to form various asteroids, asteroids that eventually collide and continue to reform. These over time become proto-planets. After 100 million years the rocky not quite planets mature into full-grown planets, with our Moon believed to have formed from an impact between an early Earth and a traveling Mars-size object.
A thick cloud of dust now orbits the star in the zone where rocky planets typically form. Spitzer uses infrared eyes to see far into space and observe NGC 2547-ID8, which is about 1,200 light-years away. Scientists use the infrared signals from the dust cloud, but what the signal varies depending what is visible from Earth. When the elongated dust cloud faces the Earth, the telescope captures more of the infrared signals, but when the head or tail of the cloud is in line with Earth less is observed. By studying this scientists can learn more about how planets similar to Earth form.
"We are watching rocky planet formation happen right in front of us," said George Rieke, a University of Arizona co-author of the new study. "This is a unique chance to study this process in near real-time."
Spitzer uses infrared eyes to see far into space and observe NGC 2547-ID8, which is about 1,200 light-years away. NASA turns the telescope to the star daily after observing dust variations around the start, which hints at ongoing asteroid collisions. For a terrestrial planet like our own to form, a much larger impact must eventually occur -- something that astronomers are hoping Spitzer will capture.

Were the Egyptian Pyramids Used for Hydraulic Powered Energy? Part 2

Click to zoom

Zecharia Sitchin's, The Lost Book of Enki ~ Part 3 ~ Commentary and Narration by Josh Reeves

Click to zoom

Richard C. Hoagland Presents a Series of Mars Anomalies


In tandem with his 7/2/13 appearance, Richard C. Hoagland sends a set of images & descriptions related to his presentation to the Coast To Coast radio program.

1) (Above) NASA close-up of the infamous "Face on Mars," revealing that the eastern (right) side is composed, not of rock, but of some kind of "exotic materials" -- which brilliantly reflect light, and create intense "prismatic colors" in the process -- totally unnatural behavior for any "natural" Martian mesa.

2) Two side-by-side images, taken on two different orbits by NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) spacecraft in 2007, of a startling "Reuleaux Tetrahedral Pyramid" on Mars in the "Candor Chasma" region. This remarkable structure was discovered on an earlier Mars Surveyor image by the late Wilmer Faust; the more recent MRO images reveal that two faces are still relatively undamaged, while the third (top) has substantially collapsed, distorting the previously precise geometric construction.

3) Enterprise Mission geometric projection of a "Reuleaux Tetrahedron" onto the mysterious, eroded form of "Mt. Sharp" -- the enigmatic "mountain" dominating the interior of the 100-mile-wide Gale Crater, which NASA's Curiosity rover is currently exploring on Mars.

4) Enterprise Mission artistic recreation of what a pristine "Reuleaux Tetrahedral Pyramid" would look, like as seen from space, if an ancient Type II Civilization created it in Gale Crater millions of years ago on Mars.

5) Mysterious "manufactured-looking cylinder" discovered nearby by the Curiosity Rover, in August, 2012 -- shortly after its successful landing in Gale Crater, on Mars.

6) Curiosity close-up of a remarkable "Nike on Mars" -- a sneaker-looking object located on top of the sands close to the Rover, at the initial Curiosity Rover landing site; a series of Enterprise Missio artistic sketches highlight details seen in the original Curiosity image.

7) A remarkable "mechanical-looking," highly symmetrical, apparently rusted "metallic object" imaged by Curiosity, as it began to drive away from its initial "Bradbury Landing Site" inside Gale Crater.

8) An apparent "partially eroded motor" -- complete with a bright "shaft" -- sitting near the Rover on the sandy Martian surface of Gale Crater. Note the geometric, manufactured-looking details inside the object, on the shaded side facing toward the Curiosity camera.

9) A series of strikingly geometric, horizontal structures -- nicknamed by Enterprise "the Apartments" after their eerily "constructed" appearance. Measuring only inches in height, the key aspect of these features is not their scale ... but their INTENSELY "ordered" appearance ... which, to the uninitiated, only superficially resemble "geological strata" (as they've been officially identified by NASA).

10) A miles-long, linear, multi-leveled glass-like structure -- seen several miles south of the Curiosity landing site, up against the base of "Mt. Sharp." Curiosity will get MUCH closer to this structure in the next year, at which time new images may allow us to confirm initial impressions of this striking, highly reflective feature ... as some kind of "linear, multileveled, artificial glass construction." 

11) Richard C. Hoagland, Principal Investigator of the Enterprise Mission, sitting on the top of the Pyramid of the Sun, at Teotihuacan, Mexico -- carrying out Enterprise Mission Accutron measurements of Hyperdimensional/Torsion Field surrounding the Pyramid ... with the Pyramid of the Moon as background.

12) Close-up of a small, unmistakable, manufactured object -- slowly eroding out of a near-by Martian rock on the floor of Gale Crater -- on an image taken by one of the 17 cameras aboard the Curiosity Rover. The intensely geometric nature of this object -- with multiple parallel surfaces, and visible, regular "geometric indentations" -- leave little doubt that this is an ancient, intelligently-designed object, apparently engulfed in mud millions of years ago .... which then turned into rock ... out of which it is only now re-emerging under current Martian conditions.

Exploring Tunnels Beneath Egypt's Giza Plateau ~ Part 4

Click to zoom

The Intriguing Expanding Earth Theory

Click to zoom


Click to zoom

DNA reveals history of vanished 'Paleo-Eskimos'


A new "genetic prehistory" provides the best picture ever assembled of how the North American Arctic was populated, from 6,000 years ago to the present.

DNA sequences from living and ancient inhabitants show a single influx from Siberia produced all the "Paleo-Eskimo" cultures, which died out 700 years ago.

Modern-day Inuit and Native Americans arose from separate migrations.

Previously our understanding of this history was based largely on cultural artefacts, dug up by archaeologists.

The study, which has more than 50 authors hailing from institutions across the globe, was published in the journal Science.

A single founding population settled, and endured the harsh conditions of the Arctic, for almost 5,000 years”
Researchers of North American prehistory have long disagreed about the lineages of Arctic peoples, ranging from the first arrivals who mostly hunted ox and reindeer, through at least four other cultural groupings, to the modern Inuit and their marine hunting culture.

"Since the 1920s or so, it has been heavily discussed what is the relationship between these cultural groups," said senior author Prof Eske Willerslev from the Natural History Museum of Denmark, which is part of the University of Copenhagen.

"All kinds of hypotheses have been proposed. Everything from complete continuity between the first people in the Arctic to present-day Inuits, [while] other researchers have argued that the Saqqaq and the Dorset and the Thule are distinct people."
These three broadly-grouped cultures all occupied the north of North America: the Saqqaq until 2,500 years ago, followed by a series of Dorset cultures and then the Thule (Inuit ancestors) from about 1,000 years ago.
collecting samples The study included ancient remains collected from across the North American Arctic, including Greenland
Using DNA from more than 150 ancient human remains, the researchers showed that all the Saqqaq and Dorset peoples, further bundled together as Paleo-Eskimos, represent a single genetic lineage. They all stem from a migration across the Bering Strait from Siberia that began some 6,000 years ago.
"A single founding population settled, and endured the harsh environmental conditions of the Arctic, for almost 5,000 years - during which time the culture and lifestyle changed enough to be represented as distinct cultural units," explained Dr Maanasa Raghavan, first author of the new paper.

Four waves of arrivals

  • Paleo-Eskimos (beginning around 6,000 years ago) including Saqqaq and three separate Dorset cultures
  • Thule people (beginning around 1,000 years ago), ancestors of the modern-day Inuit
  • Two waves further south, giving rise to different groups of Native American ancestors
She explained that this was unusual in the study of ancient people, and suggested that cultural changes, identified through tools and other remains, are not the best way to gauge ancient population movements.
History of violence?
  The findings also confirm that before the Paleo-Eskimo culture suddenly disappeared around 700 years ago, there was no mixing between those communities and the Inuit ancestors, who arose from a second, distinct Siberian migration.

Carbon dating suggests they may have overlapped in Greenland and northern Canada for up to several centuries, but cultural remains do not betray any interaction: the Paleo-Eskimos continued to use flaked stone tools, for example, while the Thule used ground slate. 

The lack of any genetic cross-over may indicate that the previous inhabitants died out before the Thule arrived; it also "raises the question", according to Prof William Fitzhugh, another author of the study, of a possible "prehistoric genocide". 

dolls Previously, most theories about these historical populations were based on cultural artefacts, like these ceremonial dolls made by Bering Sea Eskimos
Prof Fitzhugh, from the Smithsonian Institute in Washington DC, said the disappearance of the Paleo-Eskimos - "within the space of 100 or 150 years, a whole population, a whole cultural tradition" - was something of a mystery.

And yet Inuit legend suggests only friendly relations between their Thule ancestors and the "gentle giants" who preceded them.
Prof Fitzhugh emphasised he was only speculating: "We don't have any good evidence that there was hostility between the Dorset people and the Thule people."

There is much more to figure out, he said, describing the new work as "an opening chapter in the genetic history of the New World Arctic".

Overall, the findings add a "fourth wave" to existing models of Arctic settlement in the New World, by confirming that all the Paleo-Eskimos arose from a distinct, early migration.

After comparing ancient samples with genomes from living people, the researchers concluded that subsequent, separate waves gave rise to the Thule people (and their descendents the Inuit), as well as two distinct groups of Native Americans further south.

Inuit Present-day Inuit people arose from a distinct wave of migration beginning around 1,000 years ago

After 'Jeopardy' Win, IBM's Watson Now Helping Fight Cancer

Scott Spangler, principal data scientist, IBM Watson Innovations, demonstrates how IBM Watson cognitive technology can now visually display connections in scientific literature and drug information.

Tanya Lewis, LiveScience 

Watch out, Sherlock, there's a new Dr. Watson in town. IBM's Watson, the computer that famously won the quiz show "Jeopardy!'," is now helping researchers make scientific discoveries. 

The artificially intelligent computer system is moving beyond answering known questions into a new realm, pushing the boundaries of science by testing hypotheses. The new system, known as the Watson Discovery Advisor, could accelerate the scientific process by sifting through massive amounts of information and visualizing patterns in the data. 

"What Watson is very capable at is consuming vast bodies of information," said Rob Merkel, health care and life sciences leader at IBM's Watson group in New York.

But unlike when Watson was on 'Jeopardy!,' its new role as Discovery Advisor is "not about getting to an answer, but [rather] gaining insight into a large body of information," Merkel told Live Science. 

Today, more than 50 million scientific papers exist, and new findings are published every 30 seconds, studies estimate. The average researcher only reads about 23 scientific papers per month, or fewer than 300 per year, according to the National Institutes for Health. 
Scott Spangler, principal data scientist, IBM Watson Innovations, demonstrates how IBM Watson cognitive technology can now visually display connections in scientific literature and drug information.
But what if Watson could read the papers for you, and spit out useful information? Essentially, this is what Discovery Advisor can do. The system can "ingest" millions and millions of scientific papers, patents, proprietary documents and other data, and help guide researchers to the information they need. Discovery Advisor can also present the information in a visual format called a knowledge graph, which shows the data points and how they relate to each other, Merkel said. 

Several research institutions are already using the new Watson system. For example, Baylor College of Medicine in Houston used the technology to identify proteins that modify protein p53, which is involved in preventing cancer. With about 70,000 existing research papers on this protein, a task that would have taken years to complete may take only weeks with Watson, IBM said. 

Pharmaceutical and consumer goods manufacturer Johnson & Johnson is using Watson to read and understand the results of clinical trials, in order to determine the effectiveness of certain drugs compared to others on the market. Normally, these tasks are performed by humans, and it typically takes about 2.5 years just to collect the data before the results can then be analyzed.

Getting Started With a Vegetarian Weight Loss Lifestyle

Click to zoom

Five of the Most Puzzling Current Internet Mysteries


An intrepid computer scientist at the BBC has been quietly whittling away at one of the Web’s greatest mysteries. There are, admittedly, a lot of contenders for that title — but the case of “Webdriver Torso” is particularly puzzling. 

Webdriver is a YouTube channel with a simple, impenetrable premise. Every hour or so, the channel posts a new 11-second sequence of red and blue boxes moving around the screen. The account ran from September 2013 until mid-April, when it mysteriously stopped; recently, the uploads have begun again. According to one theory, the channel could be a modern “numbers station” – cryptic radio signals used during the Cold War to send messages to spies. According to another, the videos are communications from aliens.

Which is it? Frankly, we don’t know. Even after analyzing all the data for the nearly 80,000 cryptic, 11-second videos on Webdriver Torso’s YouTube channel, the BBC’s Stephen Beckett could only conclude that the videos were — maybe possibly — uploaded from France. No sign of who’s behind them. No suggestion why they started. And, most infuriatingly, not even a hint at what they mean.
“If it is indeed aliens,” Beckett’s forced to conclude, “let’s hope they … come in peace.”

It would appear aliens are doing a lot of messaging these days: The Internet has no shortage of weird, cryptic codes and mysteries. These are just some of the most stubborn.

Cicada 3301: For over two years, amateur cryptographers have struggled with Cicada 3301, a kind of Internet scavenger hunt that relies on advanced code-breaking — and a working knowledge of things like obscure medieval literature and Mayan numerology — to unlock progressive clues. Who’s behind the puzzle is unclear, although many enthusiasts believe it’s a large, well-funded and shadowy organization trying to recruit into its membership. At this rate, we may never know.

The Markovian Parallax Denigrate: Early in Internet history, a community called Usenet got spammed, repeatedly, with SAT-word mumbo jumbo that reached “an almost transcendent level of bizarre.” Each post was titled “Markovian Parallax Denigrate,” and none of them made any conceivable sense. Generations of Internet sleuths have, over the past 15 years, tried to decode the messages or pin them to a government operative, with middling success. The Daily Dot concluded — in an exhaustive, fascinating piece that’s really worth reading in full — that the whole thing was probably the work of “a troll or prankster.” Then again, we still don’t really know!

A858: Since 2011, a (potentially robotic?) Redditor named A858DE45F56D9BC9 has posted long, coded strings of text to a sub-Reddit of its own making. Thousands of people have devoted themselves to interpreting the posts; there is even a program, A858StatsBot, that automatically calculates information like message length and statistical distribution for would-be decoders. Wrote the bot’s creator, in a GitHub post: “A858 is maybe the biggest mistery [sic] on Reddit.”

Bitcoin: This particular puzzle does not, perhaps, rise to the level of otherworldly creepiness that things like Cicada and A858 do. Nevertheless, the question of who created the cryptocurrency Bitcoin remains stubbornly unanswered — despite many attempts to out the man known as Satoshi Nakamoto.

There is, of course, only one thing even more frustrating than an impenetrable Internet mystery: When such a mystery is solved, and the solution is … stupid. The YouTube channel Pronunciation Book, c. 2010 – 2013, abruptly began counting down to an unnamed big event last July. Was it some nefarious NSA messaging? A sign of the coming apocalypse? Nope, just part of a ... conceptual art project.
Fans were, shall we say, not pleased.

The Dalai Lama Shares His Wisdom Concerning Inner Peace & Money

Click to zoom

Robot Footage Deep Within Great Pyramid Shafts Show Electrical Connecters & Markings ~ Video

Click to zoom

Zecharia Sitchin's, The Lost Book of Enki ~ Part 2 ~ Commentary and Narration by Josh Reeves

Click to zoom

Ghostly Neutrinos Created in the Heart of the Sun Are Finally Detected

This is the most direct evidence supporting researchers’ ideas about how the Sun is powered


In a lab buried under the Italy’s Gran Sasso mountain, physicists have observed elusive particles that confirm how the Sun shines. The particles are low-energy neutrinos, which are born of nuclear reactions in the center of stars. Those reactions are responsible for 99 percent of our Sun’s energy.

Neutrinos are tricky to detect because although about 100 trillion of them stream through our bodies every second at nearly the speed of light, they typically slip through the spaces in ordinary matter without a trace. Also, they are have no electric charge. These qualities have earned them the nickname "ghost particles." 

Researcher have managed to detect some flavors of neutrinos—ones produced by fusion between two helium atoms—but they haven’t seen the neutrinos produced by the first step of solar nuclear reactions. In that step, one proton (the positively charged subatomic particle in the nucleus of an atom) fuses with another. Neutrinos are a byproduct of that fusion. 

An international team of researchers finally detected those proton-proton neutrinos using the Borexino detector housed at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso near L’Aquila, Italy. They published their findings Thursday in the journal Nature

Neutrinos created by the reactions in the heart of the Sun are extremely low energy, so their signature can be masked by cosmic rays and even the low levels of radioactivity in Earth’s soils. Borexino is nearly a mile (1.4 kilometers) under rock in an attempt to shield the detector from anything other than neutrinos. 

The finding is the most direct evidence supporting researchers’ ideas about how the Sun is powered. The next step is to look even closer at these ghostly particles for any unexpected qualities that may reveal new physics.

That will require further purifying the liquid at the core of the Borexino detector. That liquid, "already is by far the cleanest mass of liquid that we know of," says Andrea Pocar, a physicist at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst and one of the researchers involved in the new work, in an article from The Christian Science Monitor. "It's a really challenging task."

Explore the Milky Way ~ A beautiful look at our home galaxy ~ HD

Click to zoom

NASA Says A Thigh Bone Was Not Found on Mars

That's a rock, NASA says. (NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS)


An image from the Curiosity rover that some people thought showed a “thigh bone” on Mars is just a photo of a weathered rock, according to NASA. The photo shows the dirt-covered surface of Mars littered with bits of rock, one of which is elongated in a shape similar to a leg bone...
The image was first picked up on a UFO blog, Space.com reports, purporting to show evidence of past alien life on the planet. The claim got so much attention that NASA released the photo with an official explanation — saying the object did look like a thigh bone, but it most definitely is not.
“No bones about it! Seen by Mars rover Curiosity using its MastCam, this Mars rock may look like a femur thigh bone,” the site reads. “Mission science team members think its shape is likely sculpted by erosion, either wind or water.”

Though the Curiosity rover has found evidence that Mars could have supported life in the past, the planet likely never had enough oxygen for that life to grow any bigger than microbes, according to NASA. So a fossil of a large, complex organism is “not likely.”

This is not the first time NASA has quelled speculation about seemingly odd finds on Mars. All of the rovers’ raw images are available for free online, and enthusiasts combing through the pictures often find objects that spark conjecture about alien remnants or activities.
In February, for instance, a rock that suddenly appeared in what before had been empty ground near the Opportunity rover caused some to think aliens had moved it there. NASA stated that Opportunity’s wheels kicked up the rock as it moved.
And in April, some said a strange light in the distance in one of Curiosity’s images looked like it came from artificial sources. But images of the same spot at the same time from multiple sources revealed the oddity to simply be a trick of the light, and is likely sunlight glinting off a rock.
Seeing faces, animals or other shapes that aren’t actually there is called pareidolia, Space.com reports. On Mars, when in doubt, it’s a rock.

'We finally found it': Scientists get first look at 'monster' galaxy's formation


Yale astronomers have at last gotten a first look at the formation of "the universe's monster galaxies," Phys.org reports, and the results are fascinating.

The research, which used data from NASA's Hubble Space Telescope, NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope, ESA's Herschel Space Observatory, and the W.M. Keck Observatory in Hawaii, was published Wednesday in the journal Nature. It marks the first time astronomers have seen the earliest stages of a massive galaxy's formation.

The Keck II telescope's Near Infrared Spectograph allowed the astronomers to watch the galaxy — officially called GOODS-N-774 but nicknamed "Sparky" — produce massive amounts of stars. Witnessing this formation gave them new insight into how ancient galaxies may have formed 11 billion years ago — only 3 billion years after the Big Bang.

The scientists found that Sparky's formation is unique to the early universe that it developed in: its rapid gas movement was often violent, and it produced as many as 300 stars per year — an astounding amount of stars, especially considering its relatively tiny size (it measured roughly 6,000 light-years across). The Milky Way, by contrast, only produces roughly 10 stars annually, but spans 100,000 light-years.

"I think our discovery settles the question of whether this mode of building galaxies actually happened or not," said Pieter van Dokkum, one of the Yale astronomers. "The question now is, 'How often did this occur?' We suspect there are other galaxies like this that are even fainter in near-infrared wavelengths. We had been searching for this galaxy for years, and it's very exciting that we finally found it." --Meghan DeMaria